Контрольная A brief history of Oxford city


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Здесь несколько контрольных по английскому. Контрольные несложные. В контрольных есть тексты, которые нужно перевести на русский.


A brief history of Oxford city


1. Вставьте вместо точек правильный артикль там, где это необходимо:
1) There are many stars in … sky.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
2) Mr. Brown has … new office.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
3) He went to … bed at 10 p.m
a) a b) an c) the d) -
4) … Everest is the highest mountain.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
5) What is … capital of Italy?
a) a b) an c) the d) -
6) We like to spend our holiday on … river Yenisey.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
7) Will you go to … Mediterranean this summer?
a) a b) an c) the d) -
8) In London we stayed at … Hilton Hotel.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
9) Open … door, please.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
10) … Italians like spaghetti.
a) a b) an c) the d) -
2. Образуйте форму множеств числа существительных:
Единственное число Множественное число
3. Вставьте вместо точек прилагательное или наречие:
1) You should never speak … to young children.
a) rough b) roughly
2) He was sent off the rugby field for playing … .
a) rough b) roughly
3) Health care in our district has been … improved.
a) great b) greatly
4) Our whole project is balanced … between success and failure.
a) fine b) finely
5) Planes coming in to land to fly … over buildings.
a) low b) lowly
6) He began life as a … bank clerk and rose to the position of chairman.
a) low b) lowly
7) The government is … responsible for the present state of the nation.
a) large b) largely
8) … you press the object button, then you load the tape.
a) First b) Firstly
4. Вставьте вместо точек правильную форму местоимения:
1) Who is the that woman? Why are you looking at … ?
2) I want those books. Please give … to … .
3) Does your father like … job?
4) Thank you for … letter.
5) That’s not my/mine umbrella. My/Mine is yellow.
6) We gave her … address and she … hers.
7) Do you live by … ?
5. Вставьте вместо точек нужное неопределенное местоимение:
1) We haven’t got … milk. We finished it last night.
a) some ; b) any; c) no.
2) I suppose we haven’t got … sugar either.
a) some ; b) any; c) no.
3) I want to make …cakes .
a) some ; b) any; c) no.
4) There is … meat. We need to buy … .
a) some ; b) any; c) no.
5) I haven’t got … paper to write on.
a) some ; b) any; c) no.
6. Вставьте вместо точек нужное производное от неопределенных местоимений:
1) My brother is married but he has got … children.
2) How many mistakes did you make? … .
3) I’m hungry. I want … to eat.
4) Tom lives … near London.
5) I didn’t know about the meeting. … told me.
7. Прочитайте и переведите текст устно:
A brief history of Oxford city
Oxford was founded in the 9th century when Alfred the Great created a network of fortified towns called burghs across his kingdom. One of them was Oxford. Oxford is first mentioned in 911 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. According to legend, Oxford University was founded in 872 when Alfred the Great happened to meet some monks there and had a scholarly debate that lasted several days. In reality, it grew up in the 12th century when famous teachers began to lecture there and groups of students came to live and study in the town. But Oxford was a fortress as well as a town. In the event of war with the Danes all the men from the area were to gather inside the burgh. However this strategy was not entirely successful. In 1009 the Danes burned Oxford. However Oxford was soon rebuilt. In 1013 the Danish king claimed the throne of England. He invaded England and went to Oxford. In 1018 a conference was held in Oxford to decide who would be the king of England. By the time of the Norman Conquest, there were said to be about 1,000 houses in Oxford, which meant it probably had a population of around 5,000. By the standards of the time, it was a large and important town (even London only had about 18,000 inhabitants). Oxford was the 6th largest town in England. Oxford probably reached its zenith at that time. About 1072 the Normans built a castle at Oxford. In the 12th and 13th centuries Oxford was a manufacturing town. It was
noted for cloth and leather. But in the 14th and 15th centuries manufacturing declined. Oxford came to depend on the students. It became a town of brewers, butchers, bakers, tailors, shoemakers, coopers, carpenters and blacksmiths. In the later Middle Ages Oxford declined in importance. In the 16th century Oxford declined further in terms of national importance, though it remained a fairly large town by the standards of the time. Oxford was economically dependent on the university. The students provided a large market for beer, food, clothes and other goods. From 1819 Oxford had gas street lighting. In the late 19th century a marmalade making industry began in Oxford. There was also a publishing industry and an iron foundry. Oxford gained its first cinema in 1910. The fate of Oxford was changed in 1913 when a man named Morris began making cars in the city. In 1919 a radiator making company was formed. By the 1930s Oxford was an important manufacturing centre. It was also a prosperous city. Furthermore it escaped serious damage during World War II. Oxford airport opened in 1938.Today the main industries are still car manufacturing and making vehicle parts and publishing. Today the population of Oxford is 121,000.
8. Переведите в письменной форме первый и второй абзац.
9. Ответьте письменно на вопросы по тексту:
1) When was Oxford founded?
2) When was Oxford University founded?
3) What happened to Oxford in 1009?
4) What population had Oxford by the time of the Norman Conquest of 1086?
5) How many people live in Cambridge nowadays?
10. Переведите на английский язык следующее предложение пользуясь текстом:
1) По стандартам того времени, это был большой и важный город.
2) Он был известен своими тканями и кожей.
3) В более позднем средневековье значение Оксфорда снизилось.
4) Студенты обеспечивали большой рынок сбыта для пива,
продовольствия, одежды и других товаров.
5) Кроме того, он избежал серьезного повреждения во время Второй
мировой войны.

Вариант 3
1. Напишите предложения в форме вопроса. Используйте в качестве подлежащего слова и словосочетания из скобок. Подчеркните вспомогательный и смысловой глагол в вашем вопросе.
Study at the Mining Institute (your friend).
Does your friend study at the Mining Institute?
1) Get up at 7 a.m. (your mother)
2) Have dinner at the Institute (you)
3) Read books in the library (your friends)
4) Take exams in spring (extra-mural students)
5) Be a big city (St. Petersburg)
6) Be on holiday (you)
7) Have a break for lunch (your neighbour)
8) See you of late (your parents)
9) Go to the Dean’s office today (the monitor of the group)
2. Ответьте на вопросы в письменной форме
1) What you have just done.
2) What you have already done.
3) What you have done this morning.
4) What you have done today.
5) What you have done lately.
6) What you have done this week.
7) What you have done this month.
8) What you have done this autumn / winter / spring.
9) What you have done this year.
3. Заполни пропуски, вставив правильную форму глагола в скобках в
Past Simple. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1) They ... us at the station (meet).
2) She ... me a very interesting piece of news (tell).
3) ... you ... to the Institute yesterday (go)?
4) I ... you last week. Were you ill? (not see)
5) We ... a lot of money on compact disks (spend)
4. Переведите предложения с русского языка на английский язык.
1) We entered this University last year.
2) I went to the circus yesterday.
3) Did you see your cousin last week?
4) When were you in Helsinki last time?
5) He bought his flat two years ago, didn’t he?
6) Who told you about this news?
7) They didn’t win the grant.
6. Прочтите текст. Переведите письменно 3 абзац текста на русский язык.

Noisy places

It is no news that cities are noisy places. The fact has been commented on since the Towers of Babel were first constructed. But in the technologically advanced sections of the world, noise pollution has reached new dimensions. In a quiet environment the sound level will be about 50 decibels or less, at 80 decibels the sound level becomes annoying. Nevertheless in the cities, people are commonly exposed to levels of 110 decibels or more - that of nearby riveting machines, jet takeoff at the airport, or those mind deadening institutions known as discotheques.
Steady exposure to sound at levels of 90 decibels or more is believed to cause loss of hearing. Other effects of noise on man are only being now pinpointed, but they include direct physiological as well as psychological effects. There appear to be individual differences in tolerance to noise and wide differences in tolerance to different kinds of noise high frequency whines are more difficult to withstand than dull roars, sudden and unexpected. Environment includes all the conditions and influences surrounding and affecting the life of an individual or population. The interrelationships of living organisms to one another and their environment have been studied for many years by ecologists, although relatively few studies have been made of man’s relationship to his total environment. This relationship is not viewed in the same way by all people. Some hold the view that man should have dominion over nature and should bring all aspects of nature under his control. This concept was held by the early settlers of North America as they tried to make a living in the wilderness. Nature was their enemy and had to be conquered. When man’s impact on nature had become great enough to foul the waters, ruin the soil, or eliminate wildlife used for food, then man in North America would pack up and move westward. We are just now emerging from this "cowboy"-practice as we realize that the earth is finite and we move toward a spaceman economy, where resources must be used wisely, where wastes must be properly handled, and where the human colony must adjust to the available resources.
7. Ответьте на вопросы в письменной форме
1. What can cause loss of hearing?
2. What is noise pollution?
3. What does environment influence?