I. Перепишите следующие предложения; определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием –s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т.е. служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-го лица ед. числа глагола в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком мн. числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Mr. Hall delivers lectures to the students of a technical college.
2. The students always try to make experiments with their own hands.
3. Sometimes they make experiments with the help of their professor’s
II. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на особенности перевода на русский язык определений, выраженных именем существительным.
1. There are many river dams in this area of the country.
2. Photon computers are quite possible in the not-so-distant future.
3. They furnished our new computer classroom with a large variety of up-to-date
III. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Most substances expand or get bigger when we heat them.
2. The greatest part of the matter around us is liquid or gas.
3. The higher we mount into the atmosphere, the lower the pressure becomes.
IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных и отрицательных местоимений.
1. The engineers of the research laboratory developed some new methods of
2. The experiment added nothing new to our knowledge of the properties of this
3. The laboratory assistant will demonstrate the operation of some electrical
devices which students use in their laboratory works.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в них видо-временные формы глаголов и укажите их инфинитив; переведите предложения на русский язык. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.
1. Heat brings about many changes in materials.
2. Weight is a measure of the force of gravitation.
3. The experiment lasted two hours.
4. They will connect these devices before the experiment.
VI. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на различные способы перевода оборота there + be.
1. There are many students at the lecture today.
2. There is someone at the door.
3. There are different kinds of energy.
VII. а) Перепишите текст. Переведите его на русский язык.
в) Ответьте на вопросы по тексту.
1) When did Albert Einstein begin to show his unusual ability in mathematics
1) How did he express the theory of relativity?
2) For what did Einstein get the Nobel Prize?
Albert Einstein, a well-known German physicist and mathematician, was born in Germany on March 14, 1879. His unusual ability in mathematics and physics began to show itself at a technical school in Zurich. At the age of 21, after four years of university study, Albert Einstein got a job as a clerk in an office. But already in 1905, he made revolutionary discoveries in science. He published three papers in the field of physics and mathematics. In the first, he explained the photoelectric effect by means of Planck’s quantum theory. The second paper developed a mathematical theory of Brownian motion. He presented his third paper on the “Special Theory of Relativity” to a journal of physics. Einstein expressed his theory in the equation E = mc2, roughly that energy equals mass times the square of the speed of light.
All over the world, scientists read the work with great surprise. Few physicists understood its importance at that time. Everybody wanted to know as much as possible about the author. Which institute did he teach in? What laboratory did he do his research in?
Einstein’s fame among scientists grew slowly but surely. For a few years he lived in Prague where he worked as a professor. When he came to Prague, he often told his students: “I will always try to help you. If you have a problem, come to me with it, we will solve it together.”
He liked questions and answered them at once, for there were no simple or foolish questions for him. He spoke much with his students about scientific problems and his new ideas. His advice to students was, “Don’t take easy problems”.
In 1921 Einstein got the Nobel Prize in Physics not for the theory of relativity but for a logical explanation of the photoelectric effect.
In 1922 he became a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences for his outstanding contributions to physics and mathematics.
On March 14, 1979, by a UNESCO decision many people throughout the world celebrated the birth centenary of the great 20th century scientist.