Контрольная по английскому Application of personal computers


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Контрольная работа затрагивает различные темы по грамматике английского языка: видовременные формы глаголов, страдательный залог, причастия Participle I и Participle II.




Контрольные работы по английскому языку

Вы можете решить множество контрольных по английскому языку. Контрольные работы по английскому языку помогут вам повторить лексику и грамматику английского языка.

Задание 1. Перепишите следующие предложения, поставив глагол в указанную видовременную форму, и переведите их.

1) By the early part of the twentieth century electromechanical machines (to develop – Past Perfect Passive) and (to use – Past Indefinite Passive) for business data processing.
2) Computers (to become – Present Perfect Active) commonplace in homes, offices, schools, research institutes, plants.
3) Typical hardware devices (to rotate – Present Continuous Active) electromechanical devices.
4) Digital video cameras (to spread – Present Perfect Passive) recently.
5) BASIC (to become – Present Perfect Active) a very popular language in systems where many users share the use of a computer through terminals and it (to become – Present Perfect Active) a universal language for PC.

Задание 2. Раскройте скобки и выберите глагол в требуемом по смыслу залоге (Active or Passive). Переведите получившиеся предложения на русский язык.

1) Windows applications (created; were created) by the experienced programmer.
2) The modem (allows; is allowed) the individual to access information from all over the world.
3) Almost everything in modern world (did; is done) with the help of computers
4) There are also systems which (are developing; are being developed) to translate foreign articles by computer.
5) The CPU (coordinates; is coordinated) all the activities of the various components of the computer.

Задание 3. Переведите следующие словосочетания, содержащие Participle I u Participle II. Подчеркните причастия, определите их вид по образцу: Having studied the problem – Participle I perfect – изучив проблему.

1) instructions kept in the memory
2) keyboard terminals replacing vacuum tubes
3) while operating with graphical interface
4) the general-purpose machine proposed by Ch.Babbage
5) the machine provided with the necessary facts
6) all computer systems performing the functions

Задание 4. Переведите предложения на русский язык. Подчеркните в английских и русских предложениях модальные глаголы.

1) Computer cannot do anything unless a person tells it what to do and gives it the necessary information.
2) Business minicomputers can perform up to 100 million operations per second.
3) Citizens should be aware of the potential of computers to influence the quality of life.
4) You may find simplified versions of the major applications you use.
5) To be accessible, web pages and sites must conform to certain accessibility principles.

Задание 5. Задайте специальные вопросы к подчеркнутым словам или словосочетaниям.

1) There are thousands of different programming languages.
2) Supercomputers were used in science and engineering for many purposes.
3) In Great Britain, there is a system that will display weather reports from around the country.
4) Minicomputers came on to the scene in the early 1980s.
5) Today, most computer users buy, download, or share programs like Microsoft Word and Excel.

Задание 6. Переведите на английский язык следующие словосочетания.
Прикладные программы; исправлять ошибки в написании; стирать предложения; переставлять абзацы; бухгалтер, биржевые брокеры; консультант по налогам; юристы; работники образования; управленцы; бухгалтерский учет, подоходный налог; компьютерное моделирование; электронные таблицы; составление расписания; огромное влияние.

Задание 7. Прочитайте текст, устно переведите его и выполните упражнения, данные ниже.
Personal computers have a lot of applications, however, there are some major categories of applications: home and hobby, word processing, professional, educational, small business and engineering and scientific.
Home and hobby. Personal computers enjoy great popularity among experimenters and hobbyists. They are an exciting hobby. All hobbyists need not be engineers or programmers. There are many games that use the full capabilities of a computer to provide many hours of exciting leisure-time adventure.
The list of other home and hobby applications of PCs is almost endless, including: checking account management, budgeting, personal finance, planning, investment analyses, telephone answering and dialing, home security, home environment and climate control, appliance control, calendar management, maintenance of address and mailing lists and what not.
Word processing. At home or at work, applications software, called a word processing program, enables you to correct or modify any document in any manner you wish before printing it. Using the CRT monitor as a display screen, you are able to view what you have typed to correct mistakes in spelling or grammar, add or delete sentences, move paragraphs around, and replace words. The letter or document can be stored on a dis¬kette for future use.
Professional. The category of professional includes persons making extensive use of word processing, whose occupations are particularly suited to the desk-top use of PCs. Examples of other occupations are accountants, financial advisors, stock brokers, tax consultants, lawyers, architects, engineers, educators and all levels of managers. Applications programs that are popular with persons in these occupations include accounting, income tax preparation, statistical analysis, graphics, stock market forecasting and computer modeling. The electronic worksheet is, by far, the computer modeling program most widely used by professionals. It can be used for scheduling, planning, and the examination of "what if" situations.
Educational. Personal computers are having and will continue to have a profound influence upon the classroom, affecting both the learner and the teacher. Microcomputers are making their way into- classrooms to an ever-increasing extent, giving impetus to the design of programmed learning materials that can meet the demands of student and teacher.

Задание 8. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1,2,3 абзацы текста.

Задание 9. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы.
1. What are the main spheres of PC application?
2. What is "a word processing program"?
3. Can you correct mistakes while typing any material and how?
4. What ether changes in the typed text can you make using a display?
5. Which professions are in great need of computers?
6. How can computers be used in education?