Контрольная Auction History

 

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Контрольная по английскому состоит из нескольких заданий. Задания довольно простые. Однако, рекомендуем повторить пройденные грамматические темы по английскому языку.

Перевод с английского язык

Переводы можно заказать в любом городе страны: Москва, Сочи, Краснодар, Волгоград, Киров, Самара, Санкт-Петербург, Воронеж, Белгород, Тула, Ярославль, Челябинск, Владивосток, Омск, Новосибирск, Красноярск и т.д.

Ответы на контрольные работы по английскому языку

Ответы на контрольные дают возможность проверить знания.

     

I. Переведите письменно существительные (1 - 10). Выберите определения (а - j), соответствующие существительным:


1) bid

a) a building used for worship in some religions

2) auction

b) used in homes or relating to homes

3) property

c) someone who buys goods and uses services

4) lease

d) objects produced for sale

5) sale

e) more than is needed

6) goods

f) an offer or proposal of a price

7) surplus

g) buying and selling of property through open public bidding

8) consumer

h) something owned, a possession

9) household

i) the process of selling goods and services for money

10) temple         j) a legal contract granting use of property for a specified period of time in exchange for a specified rent

Занесите свои ответы в таблицу:


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II. Вставьте в каждое предложение, подходящее по смыслу пропущенное слово:
employees, sales, salary, product, production, cash
1) There are over 9 million teenagers in Britain and they are the most powerful group of _.
2) Jane finds it difficult to survive on such a low _.
3) How do you pay for things you buy: in _, by cheque or by credit card?
4) If we don't get another order soon, we’ll have to cut _ and maybe close a factory.
5) One way to inform people about your­­­­ _ is to advertise it on TV.
6) And you get a special bonus if the company's_ go up by more than 15 per cent in the year.

V. Прочитайте и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите абзацы 3,4.
Auction History
1. The word "auction is derived from the Latin augere which means "to increase" or "augment’'. In an auction each consumer makes a bid for the product, and the highest bid wins. The exact date and time that auctions were first organized is not exactly known. Historians agree on one thing – auctions have been around for a very long time.
2. In the 5th century, the Greeks held auctions to sell women for the purpose of marriage. The Romans were the first to organize sales of goods at auction The Chinese used auctions to sell surplus property to raise money for their religious leaders and temples.
3. The British organized regular auctions of books and art in the 1600’s. In some parts of England during the 17th and 18th centuries “auction by candle” was used for the sale of goods and leasehold. This auction began by lighting a candle after which bids were offered in ascending order until the candle burnt out. The high bid won the auction. In the late 17th century auctions came to be held in coffeehouses and taverns throughout London. Such auctions were held daily, and catalogues were printed. In the early 18th century the great auction houses were created: Sotheby’s and Christie’s. English auction is also known as an open ascending price auction. This type of auction is the most common form of auction in use today.
4. Over the years auctioneering has been progressing and changing, and today it remains more popular than ever. Mostly everything can be sold by auction: antiques, household items, automobiles, land, livestock, designer clothes, etc. Auctioning is becoming more and more common on the World Wide Web, and auctioning websites have become very big business.

VI. Определите, являются ли приведенные ниже утверждения:
a) истинными (true)
b) ложными (false)
c) в тексте нет информации (no information)

1. The Greeks were the first to organize sales of goods at auction.
2. In Babylon auctions of women for marriage were held annually.
3. Women were auctioned for marriage in the 5th century.
Занесите свои ответы в таблицу:


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VII. Прочитайте абзац 2 и ответьте письменно на вопрос:
Who used auctions to sell surplus property to collect money for their leaders?