Контрольная Branches of law in Great Britain


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Branches of law in Great Britain. Английский язык.


I. Choose the correct answer

1. A person who grants another use of certain rights, but who still retains ownership. Match the term to its definition.
• Unitary
• Licensor
• Assignee
• Royalty
• Forfeiture
• Franchising
• Relinguish

2. Granting a right or licence to an individual or group to market its products or services in a specific territory. Match the term to its definition.
• Franchising
• Unitary
• Assignee
• Royalty
• Forfeiture
• Licensor
• Relinguish

3. To assign. Choose the correct noun form of the verb.
• an assignation
• an assignment
• an assignee
• an assignor

4. Decide whether these company assets would be deemed confidential information, trade secrets, know-how or none of these. A list of all patents owned by a company.
• none of the above
• trade secrets
• know-how
• confidential information

5. In this case there are a number of ... that can be used to protect or compensate the injured party.
• complaints
• awards
• remedies
• advantages

6. Independent audit committees are part of the government’s efforts to promote good corporate governance practices and to maintain an effective regime of financial ... .
• governing
• governance

7. The ... of the Company establish the rules and procedures by which the Company operates.
• bylaws
• legends

8. The ( ) of a property is the person who rents it and is also the person who pays the rent to the Landlord.
• Occupier
• Purchaser
• Tenant
• Party

9. I keep my money in a ( ) account at the bank which means I can have access to it whenever I want it.
• Usual
• Special
• Deposit
• Current

10. A document known as a ( ) is usually used when you borrow money from a bank to buy a house.
• Security
• Proof
• Mortgage
• Loan

11. ( ) is the word used to describe laws passed by a Country’s Parliament.
• Bills
• Legistation
• Schedules
• By-Laws

12. A Public Limited Company is one which has/can sell its ( ) to the public.
• Debentures
• Credit
• Loans
• Shares

13. To win this case we will have to get ( ) the evidence that the other side brings against us.
• in
• from
• off
• for

14. My client wishes to bring legal proceedings ( ) your client for the loss he has suffered.
• at
• for
• against
• towards

15. Constitution
• List of Director’s powers
• Body of Rules
• List of Shareholder’s powers
• Authority to sell shares

16. Regulations
• Local Authority rules
• European Union directives
• State economic rules
• Internal company rules

II. Translate the text into Russian in the written form
Branches of law in Great Britain
Law can be divided into two main branches: private law and public law. Private law deals with the rights and obligations that people have in their relations with one another. Public law concerns the rights and obligations that people have as members of society and as citizens. Both private law and public law can be subdivided into several branches. Private law can be divided into six major branches according to the kinds of legal rights and obligations. These branches are: contract and commercial law, tort law, property law, inheritance law, family law, and company law.
Contract and commercial law deals with the rights and obligations of people who make contracts. A wide variety of business activities depend on the use of contracts. A tort is a wrong that a person suffers because of someone else’s action. The action may cause bodily harm or damage a person’s property, business, or reputation. Property law governs the ownership and use of property. Inheritance law concerns the transfer of property upon the death of the owner. Family law determines the legal rights and obligations of husbands and wives and of parents and children. It covers such matters as marriage, divorce and adoption. Company law governs the formation and operation of business corporations or companies. It deals with the powers and obligations of management and the rights of shareholders.


III. Give definitions:
1. What is a civil case?
2. Who is a plaintiff?
3. What is a complaint?
4. What is a burden of proof?
5. What is a counterclaim?
6. Who is a dependent?

IV. Match the following English expressions with their Russian equivalents:

1. to find bail


2. release on bail


3. long sentence prisons


4. execution


5. prisoner on trial


6. to suspect


V. Fill in the gaps: