Чтобы правильно выполнить контрольные работы, необходимо много времени уделить грамматике английского языка.
I. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видо-временную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (B) обратите внимание на особенности перевода пассивных конструкций.
A) 1. In our climate the vine doesn’t grow out-of-doors, as it does it in countries with a hotter summer and hot-house grapes is very expensive.
2. I noticed a number of improvements done in this town since I last was there.
3. The students were having an interesting discussion when the teacher came in.
4. If I see the manager tomorrow, I shall remind him of that important point.
В) 1. Many new and very interesting projects were planned for orbital stations.
2. The new exhibition of this artist is being visited actively.
3. This program will be broadcasted again tomorrow night.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения. Подчеркните Participle I и
Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является
ли оно определением, обстоятельством или составной частью глагола-сказуемого; предложения переведите на русский язык.
1. The man delivering this lecture is our professor on mathematics.
2. A line seen through this crystal looks double.
3. He saw some people in the post-office sending telegrams.
4. Driving a car a man tries to keep steady speed and watch the car in front of him.
III. Перепишите следующие предложения. Подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. If you borrow money from the bank you must pay interest.
2. It is quite clear to everybody in his family that he should start getting ready for his examinations.
3. He will have to work systematically if he wants to know French well.
4. Not long ago chemists developed new materials that could withstand high temperatures.
5. Children were allowed to go to the cinema alone.
6. You must have a dictionary when you translate such difficult articles.
In the heart of England, about 112 miles north-west of London, is Birmingham, a city with over a million inhabitants. The district around Birmingham is known as the Black Country. It is a land of factories and mines. Motor-cars, railway carriages, rails, guns, bicycles are among the articles manufactured in the factories of the Black Country.
Long famous as an international business center, Birmingham has developed into a modern and exciting city. Birmingham is at the heart of Britain's motorway system. The superbly designed inner ring road is easily identified by its red surface and gives easy access to the city center. Massive post-war development schemes have meant exciting new buildings. But the best of the old have been preserved. Birmingham's ultra-modern library is one of the largest and best-stocked in Europe and includes Shakespeare Memorial library with 40,000 books in 90 languages. The city possesses several interesting churches and two cathedrals.
Shopping facilities in Birmingham are a magnet for thousands. The multilevel Bull Ring Shopping Center is completely traffic free and linked by subways with the major shopping streets of the city. It includes most kinds of retail shops, open-air and covered markets, banks, restaurants and offices.
Birmingham has more canals than Venice. Some canals basins have been developed as recreational centers, with walks, pubs, restored buildings and boat trips.
The city has excellent facilities for all kinds of sport. It boasts twenty swimming pools and eight municipal golf courses as well as many private clubs.
Buying and selling has been an important part of life in Birmingham for more than eight hundred years. Each Tuesday, Friday and Saturday the colorful rag market can be found. People used to buy and sell old clothes (rags) but now there is a wide selection of modern fashions for everybody.