Контрольная по английскому Changing places

 

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Контрольная работа состоит из множества заданий. Контрольная имеет средний уровень сложности. Она включает в себя тексты для перевода на русский язык.

Чтобы выполнить перевод текстов, вы должны знать определенную лексику и хорошо ориентироваться в грамматике английского языка.

 

Changing places. Английский язык.

 

Контрольные работы по английскому

Чтобы основательно выучить английский язык, нужно, в том числе, решать контрольные работы. Контрольные по английскому дают необходимый опыт тому, кто изучает английский язык. Контрольные работы по английскому языку определяют знания студента.

 

1. Дополните предложения, используя прилагательные в сравнительной или превосходной степени. Запишите и письменно переведите предложения.
My chair isn't very comfortable. Yours is ....
Your plan isn't very good. My plan is....
It was a very bad mistake. It was ...I've ever made.
It was a very happy day. It was ...of my life.
He's a very boring person. He's ...I've ever met.

2. Употребите глагол из скобок в нужной форме (Present Indefinite/ Present Continuous).
Excuse me, ... (you/speak) English?
'Where's Tom?' `...(he/have) a shower.'
..... (I/not/watch) television very often.
Listen! Somebody . (sing).
Sandra is tired. ...(she/want) to go home now.

3. Употребите глагол из скобок в нужной форме (Future Indefinite/ Present Continuous).
We ...(to go) to the theatre tonight. We've got tickets.
'What ...you (to do) tomorrow evening?' 'Nothing. I'm free.'
They ...(to go) away tomorrow morning. Their train is at 8.40.
I'm sure she ...(to lend) us some money. She's very rich.
Why are you putting on your coat?' `I ...(to go) out.'

4. Употребите глагол из скобок в нужной форме (Past Continuous/Past Indefinite).
A: What .... you ...(do) when the phone........ (ring)?
B: I ... (watch) television.
A: ...Jane (be busy) when you ...(come) to see her?
B: Yes, she ...(study).
A: What time ...the post ...(arrive) this morning?
B: It ...(come) while I ...(have) breakfast.
A: Was Margaret at work today?
B: No, she ...(not/go) to work. She was ill.
A: How fast ...you...(drive) when the police ...(stop) you?
B: I don't know exactly but I ...(not/drive) very fast.
5. Дополните предложения глаголами из списка в форме Present Perfect.
finish buy go see break
'Can I have this newspaper?' 'Yes, I ...with it.'
I ... some new shoes. Do you want to see them?
'Where is Liz?' 'She ...out.'
I'm looking for Paula. ...you... her?
Look! Somebody ...that window.

6. Употребите глагол из скобок в нужной форме (Present Perfect/Past Indefinite).
My friend is a writer. He ...... (write) many books.
We .... (not/have) a holiday last year.
I ...... (play) tennis yesterday afternoon.
What time ...(you/go) to bed last night?
...... (you/ever/meet) a famous person?
Rose works in a factory. She (work) there for six months. Before that she (be) a waitress in a restaurant. She (work) there for two years but she (not/ enjoy) it very much.

7. Дополните предложения глаголами из списка, употребив их в форме Past Perfect.
begin do read see fly
The meeting ...before we got to the place.
...you ...your homework yet?
They ...two English books by the end of the month.
I couldn't recognize him because I ...him since we went to school together.
The man sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. He ...never ...before.

8. Употребите модальные глаголы can, may, must, need там, где это необходимо.
You ...write the letter now. You ...do it tomorrow.
Paula ...speak Italian but she ...not speak French.
He ...forget to come to the conference. He is so absent-minded!
It's a fantastic film. You ...see it.
Be happy! You ...not be sad.

9. Употребите местоимения much, many, a lot of там, где это необходимо.
Jim loves films. He goes to the cinema ..........
Linda thinks TV is boring. She doesn't watch TV .....
This road is very dangerous. There are ...accidents.
Quick! We must hurry. We haven't got ...time.
Do you drink ...coffee?

10. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст. Сделайте лексико-грамматический анализ текста: 1) Выпишите прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степени, переведите их на русский язык.

2) Подчеркните предложения, где употребляются модальные глаголы can, may, must, have to.

Changing places
Julie Willis is an artist from San Francisco who moved to London in 1988. We asked her to compare life in San Francisco and London. Here's what she told us.
The cities
San Francisco is a lovely city in a beautiful bay. It's got lots of great buildings and places. It's smaller and much more modern than London, but it's less interesting. London has a lot more theatres and museums. The Americans are usually more interested in money than culture! The architecture in London is incredible and very stimulating, and the parks and markets are wonderful. London isn't as dangerous as San Francisco, and it's less violent. I feel much safer living here - nobody carries a gun, not even the police!
The cost of living
People have a higher standard of living in the States because generally, it's much less expensive than Finland. For example, petrol is less than half the price and things like food, clothes, and cameras are much cheaper. It's a shopper's paradise and I always spend a fortune when I go back! It's a bit more expensive to rent a flat in London and my bills are much bigger than they were in San Francisco. So, although my salary in London is about the same as it was in the States, I have to work harder to get the same quality of life as I had before.
Public transport
In San Francisco you can walk everywhere because it's a small city. There's less traffic than in London, and public transport is great. There are cable-cars to go up all the hills and electric buses which make the city much cleaner. Public transport in London is terrible and really expensive. It takes me an hour to get to work and the journey is usually stressful. London's dirtier too and much more polluted. The traffic is awful, because there are too many cars and the streets are narrow. But English drivers aren't as aggressive as American drivers!
The food
Food in the States is generally much better. It's fresher, cheaper, and there's much more choice. Restaurants aren't as expensive as in London and the service is much better. In some restaurants they put a clock on the table when you arrive, and if they haven't served your meal in five minutes, they'll give you the food free! I'm usually disappointed when I eat out in London, although the Indian restaurants are excellent.

ТЕКСТЫ
Text 1. The History Of The Olympic Games
The Olympic Games were originally an ancient Greek religious festival in honour of Zeus, held in Olympia near Mount Olympus, the mythical home of the gods. An athletic festival with competitions in music and poetry was held every four years on the island of Peplos in Southern Greece. The period between the games was called an Olympiad.
The initial date for the beginning of the Games was 776 B.C. They were held every four years, in the middle of the summer, and lasted five days; the main condition of the festival was that there should be peace throughout Greece. The festival became a symbol of peace and friendship.
The ceremonies included contests in oratory, poetry, music and art, as well as in athletic skills like wrestling, boxing, horse and chariot racing, throwing the javelin and running.
The Olympic Games were an exclusively male festival, open to young men from all the Greek cities. Women were not allowed to compete in the Olympic Games, or even to attend and watch them, though there are legends of girls having done so in disguise. The winners were given laurel wreaths in the temple of Zeus. To be a victor in the classical Olympic Games was a great honour not only for the athlete but for his city too.
The Olympic Games were held for nearly twelve centuries. Factionalism and controversies over the status of competitors became so fierce and disruptive in later years that the Games were finally abolished by the Roman Emperor Theodosius in 392 A.D. as a disturbance of Roman peace.
The Olympic Games were revived only at the end of 19-th century due to Baron Pierre de Coubertin. In 1894 he addressed the International Congress of Athletes and pointed out the importance of sports in the peoples' life.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896 to signify the succession of the tradition. In 1896 311 athletes, competing in nine sports represented 13 countries in the Olympic Games. Since then, except in 1916, 1940 and 1944, the Olympic Games have been held every leap-year in different countries of the world. The International Olympic Committee is responsible for the programme, the number of participants, and the city-host for the Games.
At first the modern Games were limited to men. Women first competed in the Games in 1910, playing golf, but real women's participation only began in Paris in 1924 with the inclusion of women's athletics in the programme. In recent Olympiads the women's programme has been greatly extended.
Winter sports were brought into the Olympic programme through the organization of special Winter Games, first held in France at Chamonix in 1924, with competitions in ice hockey, speed skating, figure skating and skiing. These are still the basic events of the winter programme, with the addition of bobsleigh and toboggan races.
Each Olympiad the size of the Olympic Games has been growing in the scale of competition, number of competitors, and size of the audience watching them.
Nowadays the Olympic Games have become a wonderful tradition which helps to bring people closer together.

Text 2. It's All In Your Genes
What colour hair have you got? Is it straight, wavy or curly? What colour are your eyes? Why are some people tall and slim while others are short and stocky? It's all in your genes. Each person on this planet is unique, because everyone has got a different combination of genes. These are contained in the DNA structure. Your genes determine your general shape and size, the colour of your skin, eyes and hair, the shape of your face, nose, ears, mouth and teeth.
For every part of your body you have got two genes. You inherit one from your mother and one from your father. One of the two genes is dominant, but you can pass either gene on to your children. Look at this couple, for example. The man and the woman both carry a gene for blue eyes and a gene for brown eyes, which they have inherited from their own parents, but they have both got brown eyes, because the brown gene is always dominant.
In this ideal example the couple have two sons and two daughters and each one has received one of the four possible combinations of the parents' genes. As we can see, one of them is blue-eyed and the other three have got brown eyes, but three of them carry a blue gene.
A gene can stay hidden in a family for generations. For example, the second daughter is married. Her husband's eyes are brown, but he also carries a blue gene. This couple has got four children and each child has got a different combination of the parents' genes. So one child has got blue eyes, although her parents and grandparents have all got brown eyes.
Knowledge about genes has been used since the eighteenth century to improve plants and animals. Scientists and farmers select the best possible specimens to breed from. In this way they have been able to produce bigger fruit and vegetables, animals that produce more meat, kinds of wheat or rice that are more resistant to disease, and so on. This is known as selective breeding.
Now scientists can actually identify the genes for particular characteristics. In the new science of genetic engineering, genes can be removed, added or replaced to produce the characteristics that --we want. New and better plants and animals will be produced by genetic engineering. Will we be able to design the perfect human being, too? 'Nobody's perfect', we say. Perhaps one day everyone will be.