Контрольная по английскому языку christmas

 

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Контрольная состоит из двенадцати заданий. Двенадцатое задания касается перевода текста с английского на русский язык. Если вы хотите правильно перевести текст, то вам нужно повторить лексику английского языка. Контрольная несложная.

 

Christmas. Английский язык.

 

Вариант 2

Упражнение 1. Переведите предложения с существительным- определением на русский язык. Определения подчеркните:

Government activities such as taxes affect individual market.

The company’s sales department is very functional.

Упражнение 2. Существительные во множественном числе подчеркните одной чертой, существительные в притяжательном падеже – двумя

1. Mr. Petrov’s secretary demands a three weeks’ paid holiday.
2. From here we have a marvelous bird’s-eye view of our city.
3. The Swiss are used to mountains as well as we are used to plains.
4. Businessmen are busy all the time.

Упражнение 3. Вставьте глаголы в соответствующей временной форме:
А)
1. It _ silly of you, if you _ this opportunity.
2. The teacher _ to give me some useful books as soon as I _ to work at this problem.
3. Blues music _happy emotions.
4. If you _ the bookcase off the window, it _ lighter in the room.
5. He _ to buy a new computer when he _ the first salary in his new company.
B)
1. I _ tired. I _ working all day.
2. When I _ the station yesterday, it _ dark.
3. Short time before I _ here I _ to another department in my company.
4. They _ to work by a company minivan every morning.
5. They _ because they _the right way.

Упражнение 4. Вставьте соответствующую форму прилагательного в той или иной сравнительной конструкции:

I need to spend _ money on stupid things.

I’ve been at the lessons _ times than I should.

_ we know, the older we are.

Physics _ than History, isn’t it?

Упражнение 5. Напишите общие вопросы к данным предложением и специальные к подчеркнутым словам:

He caught a bad cold three days ago.

When going to work, I stand in the back of the bus?

He keeps money not in a bank, but under the pillow.

Упражнение 6. Определите тип придаточных и переведите предложения на русский язык: 

When labour and management disagree, a strike may occur.

The boss for whom I work is strict and demanding.

If we study all night, we’ll be sleepy in the morning.

Упражнение 7. Подчеркните причастие I одной чертой, причастие II - двумя, переведите фразы на русский язык:

a helicopter flying over the city
the broken telephone ringing without any pause
a beginner studying English
never forgotten words

Упражнение 8. Вставьте причастие 1 или 2 от глагола в скобках, переведите предложения:

The bus crashed into the blue car …down the road (to drive)

My boss is never ... with my job. (to satisfy)

The new film on TV was very .... (interest)

Упражнение 9. Определите в каком предложении слово на “-ing” не причастие I. Переведите его на русский язык:
1. The air surrounding the earth consists of different gases.
2. Measuring the atmospheric pressure we use a barometer.
3. Newton set about designing a telescope of his own.

Упражнение 10. Подчеркните модальный глагол или эквивалент и переведите предложения на русский язык:
1. We were to act as guides for foreign agriculturalists.
2. You can hear this tune anywhere, it’s very popular.
3. He must give up smoking and do more exercise.

Упражнение 11. Вставьте нужный модальный глагол или эквивалент и переведите предложения: 
1. I don't have enough money to buy lunch....you lend me five hundred rubles? 
2. My grammar is still poor, so I... study it harder.
3. I am not sure but he... help us if we ask him.
4. I’m going to a rock concert, it... to be fun.
5. My jeans are all creased, I... to press them.

Упражнение 12. Прочитайте текст, ответьте на вопрос к нему полным предложением, письменно переведите 1-й абзац:

Christmas is Britain’s most popular holiday, it is in fact more popular than the New Year. Its traditions go back to pagan beliefs and date hundreds of years. The Druids*, for example, honoured the mistletoe* in their religion and rites. The red berry of the holly was believed to protect a person against witchcraft. The Vikings introduced the Yule-log* which used to be burnt in honour of their chief god Thor. The English adapted this practice for Christmas and today's Christmas candle is a holdover from those days.
The custom of sending Christmas cards also originated in Britain. As far back as 1843 John Horsley designed the first card for Sir Henry Cole. And such practice soon became an established tradition. Every year more than a billion Christmas cards are now sent in the United Kingdom alone. Many of them are sold as aid for charities.
Since 1840 the decorated and illuminated Christmas tree has gained popularity in England. Prince Albert brought this rite over from Germany. The English families followed the Royal example and it can truly be called a Victorian innovation. Each year a giant Christmas tree is set up and decorated in Trafalgar Square. It commemorates Anglo-Norwegian cooperation during World War П.

Примечания:


The Druids - друиды (кельтские жрецы), mistletoe - омела, Yule-log - полено, сжигаемое в сочельник.

Where does the Trafalgar square Christmas tree come from?