Контрольная по английскому Climate and weather

 

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В данной контрольной работе множество грамматических заданий. Контрольная не сложная, но потребует от студента знаний по грамматике английского языка.

Чтобы получить правильные ответы на данную контрольную, повторите все грамматические темы по английскому языку.

 

Climate and weather. Английский язык.

 

Контрольные работы по английскому

Контрольные работы по английскому просто необходимо делать тому, кто решил основательно выучить английский язык.

 

I. Вставьте в выражения артикли а или the.

tо be at_ loss
to play _piano
to tell _ time
at_ school
to have _toothache
in _ loud voice
it’s _pleasure
II. Образуйте существительные, прибавляя -еr. Переведите.
to dance
to play
to speak 
to drive
to write
III. Образуйте существительные, добавляя -ness. Переведите.
cold
dark
kind
weak 
bitter
happy
sudden 
ready
IV. Заполните пропуски. Напишите, где необходимо, слова с прописной буквы.
In england they speak _.
In _they speak chinese.
In germany they speak _.
In _ they speak French.
In russia they speak _.
In the usa they speak _.
V. Дайте полный ответ, напишите, где необходимо, слова с прописной буквы.
Are the urals between the volga and the lena? (Yes)
Who can speak french?
Is france as large as canada? (No)
Who lives in russia?
Can the russians speak chinese?

VI. Напишите существительные во множест­венном числе.
1. a vase, a hors, a table, a cage, a bottle, an eye, a shoe, a dish, a tree, a spoon, a saucer
2. a fly, a daisy, a puppy, a lorry, a berry, a butterfly
3. а fox, a box, a glass, a dress
4. a boy, a toy, a turkey
5. a wolf, a leaf, a knife, a penknife
6. a sheep, a child, a foot, a woman, a man, a tooth, a mouse, a goose

VII. Добавьте, где необходимо, окончание -s.
This girl has one cat_ and two dogs, but I have no dog_.
That boy has three pen_, but he has no book_ .
This boy has four cup_and five spoon_.
I like rat_, but I have no rat_ .
He has six star_ and she has seven star_.

VIII. Напишите, где это возможно, выделен­ные слова во множественном числе. Предложения с ними переделайте.
The bee is on the rose.
There is a mouse under the floor.
Where is the ladybird ?
What colour is the leaf ?
Is there much milk in the jug?
There is a frog on the log.
Whose lorry is this?
Is there any butter on the table?
IX. Измените предложения: The boy has a book. – It is the boy’s book.
My mother has a dress.
Her father has two hats.
This little girl has a kitten.
Ann has an umbrella.
Pete has four tame quails.
The bird has a cage.
His dog has many puppies.
X. Замените выделенные слова личными местоимениями.
Mother allowed her son to play in the garden.
The old man gave the books to the boys.
Your room is better than mine.
Tell Tom not to forget about the tickets.
The weather is cold today.
The teacher knows their address.
Mary wanted to buy new shoes.
Peter is always ready to help his little sister.
Mr. Swan made his dog jump over the fence.

XI. Ответьте на вопросы или заполните пропуски местоимениями. Ис­пользуйте my / our / your / his / her / its / their.
What is your name?
What is her name?
Where is your penknife, Tom? (table)
Where are your dolls, girls? (box)
It has a cage.
She has a bird.
I have a pencil.
They have a kitten.
XII. Закончите предложения или напишите правильные предложения.
It is your money.
It is my book.
Is this your / yours copy-book?
No, it is not my / mine copy-book. It is her / hers.

XIII. Заполните пропуски.
Bring (ему) (его) new shirt.
Give (им) (их) coloured pencils.
Show (ей) (ее) gold ring.
Bring (нам) (наши) umbrellas.
Take (ваши) trousers and put (их) on.
Put (их) copy-books on (мой) table.
XIV. Вставьте myself /ourselves / yourself / your­selves / himself/ herself / themselves.
When I am alone, I talk to _.
She never thinks about her friends. She only thinks about _.
Take care of _, dear aunt! Don’t catch cold!
You must not help him. He must answer my question _.
They go shopping _.
We try to read difficult texts _.
She always guesses puzzle-rhymes _.
Don’t let them do it _.
If you want some more coffee, help _.

XV. Выберите правильное слово.
Your money (is / are) on the table. Take (it / them).
(Is / are) (this / these) your slippers? - Oh no, (it / they) (is / are) not mine.
(This / these) news (is / are) very interesting.
Her hair (is / are) quite dark. (It / they) (is / are) very beautiful.

XVI. Напишите отрицательные предложения. Используйте is not/ are not/ is no/ are no.
There is much milk in the bottle.
There are some trees in the garden.
There are six flowers in the vase.
There is a cake for tea.
There are two funny frogs on the log.
There is a spoon on my plate.
XVII. Задайте вопрос или составьте ответ, используя для этого сло­ва в скобках. Ответ должен подходить по смыслу.
(bread / at home )?
(much milk / for tea)?
( an eagle / in the tree )?
(dish / the / a / fish / there / is / on )?

XVIII. Закончите предложения. Зачеркните лишнее.
This girl have / has a ball.
This boy have / has a car.
I have / has no dog.
This fish is / are tasty.
This cake is / am big.
This spoon are / is small.
XIX. Соедините части предложений с помощью глаголов is / are и переведите пред­ложения на русский язык.

Lake Baikal

The peaches on the tree
The pond
Your knife

The windows in our room

not sharp at all
rather high
the deepest lake in the world
very juicy

full of frogs

XX. Сосчитайте, написав числительные прописью.
How many is 14 and 4 ?

This boy has 1 ball and that boy has 5 balls. How many balls have the boys? How many is 75 and 7? The girl has 349 stamps and the boy has 521 stamps. How many stamps have the girl and the boy?

XXI. Напишите по-английски:
15 января 1955 года
7,352,289
4 февраля 1861 года
3.82
28 июля 2008 года
Tel. 325-1807
30C
3:0
1/2

XXII. Образуйте цепочку прилагательное – существительное – прилагательное, добавляя -less, -ness. Догадайтесь об их значе­нии. Уточните перевод в словаре.
fear
help
care
aim
use
law
harm
XXIII. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных. Обратите внимание на их правописание.
strong
deep
sharp
old
new
cold
large
ripe
late
brave
big
hot
thin
fat
easy
early 
dirty 
funny
lazy
happy
good
bad 
little 
far
interesting
difficult
beautiful
expensive
comfortable
XXIV. Сравните, используя выражения as ... as и not so ... as ... или переделайте предложения, употребив so ... as.
My brother’s coat is newer than my coat.
(my umbrella / your umbrella / new )
(our kitten / their kitten / small)
The eagle is faster than the quail.
XXV. Вставьте прилагательные. Используйте сравни­тельную или превосходную степень.
My coat is not new. I want a _ one.
He is (tall) boy in our class.
Moscow is (large) city in Russia.
I work (hard), but you work.
Our school is (old) in our town.
This knife is not very (sharp). Have you _ one?
The Volga is (long), but the Nile is _.

XXVI. Поставьте глаголы в Present Continuous.
The boy (to have) a rest under the tree.
The sheep (to eat) grass in the field.
The man (to have) breakfast at home.
The dog (to bark) at the cat.
The boys (to play) football.
The girl (to help) her Mom in the kitchen.
The sun (to shine).

XXVII. Present Simple или Present Continuous?
What (she / usually / to do) in the evening? - She usually (to watch) television.
What (you / to do) at the moment? – (to watch) an interesting film on TV.
It (to rain) cats and dogs. Take your umbrella.
(it / often / to rain) in summer in London?
I can’t give the newspaper to you. I (to read) it now.
(you /to read) much? - Yes, I like reading and I (to read) very much.
Why (you / to walk) so fast today? You usu­ally (to walk) slowly, don’t you?
- My sister (to wait for) me. She to be) angry with me when I am late.
(you / to ask) questions?
Don’t put your coat on. The sun (to shine).
In summer the sun (to shine) brightly.
Run downstairs. Your sister (to wait for) you.

XXVIII. Задайте вопросы. Используйте Past Continuous.
(what / Tom / do / when you met him)?
(what / you / read / at 12 o’clock )?
(it / rain / when they went out)?
(where / the boy / go / when we saw him)?
(you / sleep / when I came to you )?
(what song / the girls / sing / when we came into the room)?
(they / wait for / parents / at 8 o’clock)?

XXIX. Past Simple или Past Continuous?
We (to have dinner) when you (to come) to us.
The teacher (to tell) them to stop working and (to collect) their answer papers.
Our friends (to smoke) in the corridor when we (to see) them.
I’m very hungry. I (not / to eat) anything.
The boys (to break) the window when they (to play) football.
I (to get up) early. The sun (to shine) brightly, so I (to go) for a walk.

XXX. Поставьте глаголы в Future Continuous.
This time next Monday I (to sit) on a beach.
Mary (to practise) the piano from two till three tomorrow.
When you (to see) me next time, I (to wear) a new dress.
When I (to get) home, my dog (to sit) at the door waiting for me.
I think he (still / to work) when we (to be back).
She (to speak) for not less than two hours.
They (not / to wait) for you more than an hour.
I (still / to sleep) at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning.
I (to have dinner) when you (to ring) me up tomorrow.

XXXI. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:
1. How many seasons are there in the year?
2. What are they?
3. What are winter (summer, spring, autumn) months?
4. What is your favourite season?
5. What does the climate of a country depend on?
6. Do the surrounding seas influence the cli­mate of Britain?
7. Is the climate in different parts of the island the same?
8. Why do the English speak of the weather much?
9. Why is British climate soft?
10. What is the season of fogs?

Climate and Weather

The weather seems to be everybody’s favour­ite topic of conversation in Britain. This is not because people are particularly interested in it, but people have to talk about something and the weather serves as a convenient sub­ject.
The main thing to say about the weather in Britain is that it is unpredictable. There are weather forecasts on the radio and TV and in newspapers, but on the whole nobody believes them. In the last Britain was famous of fogs. The typical picture of London was a foggy November morning. Nowadays fog does not seem so common.
As a rule the climate of the country depends on its geographical position. Being surrounded by the sea Britain enjoys a temperate wet cli­mate. It is much milder than that of a conti­nental countries: it is warmer in winter and cooler in summer. It is never too cold or too hot there. It often rains and occasionally it snows. The two worst months in England are January and February.
In the south of England snow falls only a few times during the winter and never lies long. But it often rains and there are few sun­ny days in winter. The average winter temper­ature is between 3-7 degrees centigrade. In the north the winter is colder. It is as frosty in Scotland as it is in St. Petersburg. “Cold weather is more pleasant than wet weather,” English people say. Spring is certainly the best season of the year in England.
And what is the climate like in Russian Federation? It is difficult to answer this ques­tion. The country is very large, that is why there are all sorts of weather in different re­gions. It is very cold in the North most of the year; and it is rather warm in the South even in winter. The swimming season on the Black Sea coast lasts from May to November.
In the European part of the country sum­mers are quite hot, the sky is cloudless, the sun shines most of the time, although it rains once in a while. The first half of autumn is rather warm, too. From October to March the weather is cold. There are some very severe frosts in winter, and there is a lot of snow.
In Siberia winter is quite cold, and severe frosts are common. Autumn comes earlier and summer later than in the European part of the country. The climate of Siberia is continental, so there are dry, hot summers and very cold winters.
The winters in Moscow are colder than in London. There is always a lot of snow in January and in February. There is also a lot of wind in winter. The average temperature is 10-11 degrees centigrade below zero in Janu­ary. Winter is a good time for such sports as skiing, hockey and skating.