Контрольная работа Definition of Management

 

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Контрольная посвящена менеджменту. В контрольной есть английский текст по менеджменту, а также задание на перевод с русского на английский язык. Контрольная небольшая и по силам любому студенту.

 

Definition of Management. Английский.

 

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Definition of Management

Management is based on scientific theories and today we can say that it is a developing science.
But knowledge of theories and principles doesn't provide practical results. It is necessary to know how to apply this knowledge. Practical application of knowledge in the management area requires certain abilities or skills. Here is an example:
Depending on its size, an organization may employ a number of specialized managers who are responsible for particular areas of management. A very large organization may employ many managers, each responsible for activities of one management area. In contrast, the owner of a sole proprietorship may be the only manager in the organization. He or she is responsible for all levels and areas of management.
What is important to an organization is not the number of managers it employs but the ability of these managers to achieve the organization's goals, and this ability requires a great skill.
In other words management is the process of coordinating the resources of organization to achieve the primary organizational goals.

MAIN RESOURCES
Managers are concerned with the following main resources:
Material Human Financial Informational Organizational
resources resources resources resources goals

1. Material resources are physical materials and the equipment used by an organization to make a product. For example, cars are made on assembly lines. These assembly lines and the buildings that house them are material resources.
2. The most important resources of any organization are its human resources — people. Some firms believe that their em­ployees are their most important assets. To keep employees con­tent, a variety of incentives are used, including higher-than-average pay, flexible working hours, recreational facilities, lengthy paid vacations, cafeterias offering inexpensive meals, etc.
3. Financial resources are the funds the organization uses to meet its obligations to various creditors. A grocery store obtains money from customers and uses a portion of that money to pay the wholesalers from which it buys food. A large bank, borrows and lends money. A college obtains money in the form of tuition, income from its endowments, and federal grants. It uses the money to pay utility bills, insurance premiums, and professors' sala­ries. Each of these transactions involves financial resources.
4. Finally, many organizations increasingly find they cannot ignore information. External environment — including the econo­my, consumer markets, technology, politics, and cultural forces — are all changing so rapidly that an organization that does not adapt will probably not survive. And, to adapt to change, the organiza­tion must know what is changing and how it is changing. Compa­nies are finding it increasingly important to gather information about their competitors in today's business environment.
It is important to realize that these are only general categories of resources. Within each category are hundreds or thousands of more specific resources, from which management must choose those that can best accomplish its goals. Managers must coordi­nate this complex group of specific resources to produce goods and services.
IV. Translate into English.
1. Менеджмент основан на научных теориях.
2. Менеджмент — это процесс координации ресурсов организации для достижения организационных целей.
3. Менеджеры занимаются четырьмя видами ресурсов: материальными, финансовыми, людскими и информаци­онными.
4. Наиболее важными ресурсами любой организации являются ее людские ресурсы.
5. Для удовлетворения служащих используется ряд стимулов.
6. Материальные ресурсы—это материалы, из которых из­готовлена продукция, а также оборудование, используе­мое для ее производства.
7. Финансовые ресурсы — это фонды, которые использует организация для выполнения своих обязательств перед различными кредиторами.
8. Внешнее окружение, включая экономику, потребительс­кие рынки, технологию, политику и культурные факторы, изменяется очень быстро.
9. Организация, которая не приспосабливается к (adapt to) внешнему окружению, может не выжить.
10. Компании считают все более важным собирать информацию о своих конкурентах.