Контрольная Economic Aspects of Small and Medium Businesses


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Контрольная по английскому языку составлена для студентов, изучающих экономику. В контрольной используются различные английские экономические термины и определения. Контрольная состоит из нескольких грамматических заданий и текста для перевода. Чтобы выполнить задания, нужны знания экономических английских терминов.


Economic Aspects of Small and Medium Businesses.Английский язык.

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Контрольные по английскому языку

Контрольные по английскому необходимо выполнять не только студентам, но и всем, кто изучает английский язык.

I. Переведите письменно существительные (1–10). Выберите определения (a–j), соответствующие существительным:
1) wage
2) outcome
3) labour
4) employment
5) capacity
6) enterprise
7) flexible hours
8) prosperity
9) resource
10) income
a) effort or work, especially tiring physical work
b) any of the possessions or qualities of a person, an organization, or especially a country
c) ability to do something
d) good fortune and success, especially in money matters
e) money which one receives regularly, usually as payment for one’s work or interest from investments
f) paid work; useful activity
g) the amount that something, especially a factory, can produce
h) a company, organization or business
i) one can change the time when to start and finish work
j) a payment made for work done, calculated by the hour, day, or week or by the amount produced, and usually received daily or weekly

II. В следующих предложениях подчеркните определения, выраженные именем существительным, и переведите эти предложения на русский язык.
1) The exchange rate is the amount of one currency needed to buy another currency.
2) A business plan should prove that your business will generate enough revenue to cover your expenses and make a satisfactory return for bankers and investors.
3) Sales promotion can be directed at the consumer, the trade purchaser or the company’s sales force.

б) В следующих предложениях подчеркните глагол-сказуемое, определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1) Small and medium businesses employ the majority of the population and enable them to earn a wage.
2) Companies in the 1980’s merged with other companies that produced the same or related goods or services.
3) Many partnerships have started as sole proprietorships.

IV. В следующих предложениях подчеркните модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1) People must choose how best to use their available resources to satisfy the greatest number of wants and needs.
2) Materials can be bought on credit to help finance current expenditure.
3) Business people may borrow money in order to expand their business.

V. В следующих предложениях подчеркните Participle 1 и Participle 2 и укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1) When drawing up a contract for the sale of goods, it is necessary to give a detailed description of the goods. Participle 1, обстоятельство
2) Signing the letter the manager asked the secretary to send it off at once.
3) Games and competitions are becoming commonplace in promoting sales of a product or service.

VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст. Письменно переведите абзацы 1, 2.

Economic Aspects of Small and Medium Businesses

1. Small and medium businesses employ the majority of the population enabling them to earn a wage. It is the most flexible part of the labour market. It absorbs the main part of non-qualified labour resources who possess a low level of working experience but who are willing to work flexible hours. Very often it is the only place where women and young people having a low level of education and no work experience can find employment.
2. Small and medium business may be the most important factor for national prosperity, as they are a major source of income not only for the business community, but also for the members of their families. Moreover, small and medium businesses are a potentially effective means for enhancing the capacities of the population in industry and enterprise, and increasing their adaptability to market relations. Such businesses give individuals employment and income; opportunity to better control their own future; opportunity to unite a job and a private life to a far greater extent; opportunity of self-realization; to develop their abilities and talents.
3. In general, small and medium enterprises increase the effectiveness and vitality of the whole economy, create a platform for the social formation of a middle class, improve the regional structure of the economy, require fewer resources for starting-up and their failures do not cause catastrophic economic outcomes.

VII. Определите, являются ли приведенные ниже утверждения (1, 2, 3): а) истинными (true)
б) ложными (false)
в) в тексте нет информации (no information).
1) Small business is a business which usually employs fewer than 50 people and has a quite small financial turnover.
2) Small and medium enterprises don’t contribute to the social formation of a middle class.
3) Women and young people having a low level of education and no work experience are often employed in small and medium businesses.

VIII. Прочитайте абзац 3 и ответьте письменно на следующий вопрос:
Do small and medium enterprises’ failures lead to catastrophic economic outcomes?