Контрольная по английскому языку Exporting


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Контрольная состоит из шести заданий, одно из которых перевод текст с английского на русский язык. Чтобы правильно перевести текст, необходимо выучить соответствующую лексику.


Exporting. Английский язык.


Контрольные работы по английскому языку

Контрольные работы бывают классического вида и в виде теста. Тесты обычно используются для тех, кто учится дистанционно. Чтобы выполнить тест или контрольную работу по английскому языку, необходимо повторить лексику английского языка.


Задание I
Определите формы причастия и переведите на русский язык.
1. When exporting goods abroad a company has many problems.
2. This money is called export credit.
3. Exporters pay less tax on money earned abroad.
4. Goods must be insured while being transported.

Задание II
Определите, чем является в предложении подчеркнутые слова:
1. Goods exported by sea .... 
2. When the goods are shipped… 
3. They called freight "cargo". 
4. The company covered the insurance. 
5. Exporting brings foreign currency into the country.

Задание III
Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие Инфинитив:
1. To expand company means to increase its production.
2. To be expanded a company must increase its production.
3. To start up its activity a firm has to go into business.
4. To stop operating means to go out of business.
Задание IV
1. container – h. crate 
2. docks – d. quay 
3. truck – g. lorry
4. to insure – f. to cover
5. freight – a. cargo 
6. rates – e. costs 
7. assistance – b. incentive 
8. finance – с. money 
9. advantage – i. relief 

Задание V
Закончите предложение, подобрав нужные по смыслу слова из текста:
1. A large box of a standard size for transporting goods _
2. Word meaning cost _
З. То put goods into boxes ready for traveling _
4. Goods traveling from one place to another _
5. To transport the cargo by air or by sea, _
6. The goods being transported are the goods in _
7. To cover the risk _
8. Proportion of the earning paid to the government _
9. Money borrowed from the bank _

Задание VI
Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст


When a company exports goods abroad there are many problems it must consider, e.g. packaging, transportation, insurance and payment. First the goods must be packed to containers to protect them from damage. The containers or crates must be labeled clearly to show where they are going. The label may also show what the crates (containers) contain. Goods can be transported by sea or by air, by a shipping company or by an airline. If the goods are shipped then transportation must be arranged from the factory to the docks or quay. This can either be by road in tracks (or lorries) or by rail. The shipment must be insured (covered) against loss or damage in transit, i.e. while it is being transported. Sometimes the exporter takes out insurance and sometimes the importer insures the shipment. It depends on the terms of their agreement. If the goods are damaged in transit the company is covered by the insurance. Of course, someone has to pay for all these things. While goods are in transit they are called freight or cargo, so the company pays freight rates or shipping cost to the shipping company. If the goods are being transported by air, the company pays to the airline. The cargo is loaded at the docks or at the airport, and for this the company pays handling charges. Also the company must pay packaging charges or costs. Exporting brings foreign currency into the country, so governments encourage export trade by giving assistance to the exporters. Often companies borrow money (finance) from banks to finance exporting. This money is called export credit. A government department called the E.C.G.D. (Export Credit Guarantee Department) gives a guarantee to the bank. This guarantee means that the government carries the loss, if the foreign buyer does not pay. It is a kind of insurance cover for the bank and the exporting company. Another form of government assistance or incentive is tax relief or tax advantages. Every company must pay a proportion of its earnings to the government in the form of tax. Tax relief means that exporters pay less tax on money earned abroad.