Контрольная по английскому Financial institutions

 

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Контрольная создана для тех, кто изучает экономику в вузах. Контрольная работа по английскому языку состоит из нескольких заданий. Вопросы в заданиях несложные. Если вы хотите успешно решить контрольную, то вам нужно просто повторить грамматику английского языка.

 

Financial institutions. Английский.

 

Заказать контрольную

Заказать контрольную по английскому легко. Просто пришлите задания в почту.

 

Вариант 2
Часть I
I. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Предложения переведите на русский язык, подчеркните модальный глагол

The expedition is to start next Sunday.
If you don’t deliver today, we can certainly deliver tomorrow.
May I make a comment at this point? – Yes, of course you may.
When I was area manager, I was able to visit five customers a day.
They have to get up at 6 o’clock as their working day begins at 8.

II. Выберите предложения, в которых причастие выполняет функцию определения; определите форму и подчеркните причастия и переведите предложение на русский язык.

A business process is the set of activities performed to serve a customer.
The house restored by the Johnsons is quite usual.
Having calculated the programme he paid attention to possible changes.
Loan capital is more appropriate to firms operating in stable markets.
Industries producing steel, paper and chemicals require very large quantities of water and tend to be found near rivers.

III. Выберите предложения, в которых причастие выполняет функцию обстоятельства; определите и подчеркните форму причастия и переведите предложения на русский язык.

Having been repaired the device began working much better.
Being the cheapest metal we commonly use zinc for the production of electric current.
When writing a telegram we must use as few words as possible.
Being built in a new way modern houses have better facilities.

IV. Определите функцию Participle II и переведите предложения на русский язык. подчеркнуть

The quantity of labour derived from a given stock of population depends upon several factors.
The information obtained is very valuable.
When reconstructed the theatre looked more beautiful than before.
Taxes placed on goods and services are known as indirect taxes.
The explanation given was not complete.

V. Прочитайте следующий текст и устно его переведите. Перепишите 2,4 и 5 абзацы и письменно переведите их на русский язык.

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

There are many important financial institutions which provide finance for companies. These institutions provide money in different ways.
1. Banks
Although banks specialize in supplying short-term loans, they are prepared to make loans for longer periods – up to 20 years in certain circumstances.
2. Insurance companies
The regular premiums paid by policyholders are invested in government securities, company shares, land, and property of all kinds. The income from these investments makes it possible for insurance companies to pay out interests which are greater than the total payments made by policyholders.
3. Pension funds
Although in many countries there is a state pension scheme to which all workers contribute, a large number of employed and self-employed people also belong to private pension schemes. The money which accumulates in these pension funds is invested and works in a very similar manner to the funds of insurance companies.
4. Investment trusts
These are limited companies buying shares in other companies which they believe will be the most successful ones. People who then buy shares in investment trusts are paid dividends and investment funds obtain a profit too.
5. Finance houses
These institutions provide the loans which finance hire-purchase schemes and leasing arrangements. Firms which sell goods on hire-purchase or who lease goods do not have to wait two or three years before their goods are fully paid for. They receive immediate payment from a finance house, and it is the finance house which collects the regular instalments paid by the purchaser.
Примечания:
in certain circumstances - при определенных обстоятельствах
unit trust - паевой траст
insurance company - страховая компания

Часть 2
I. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на рус­ский язык, помня о разных значениях глаголов tobe, tohave, todo.в скобках укажите эти значения

We were to meet at the station at six.
You will have to repeat the material of the lecture before the examination.
The last report at the conference was the most interesting.
When her company went bankrupt she had to decide what to do.
You will have to look for a job or may be you have already found it.

6. This firm does not need large markets.

П. Прочитайте и устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите 1 и 2 абзацы (вариант для МБ и ММ) и 2 и 3 абзацы (вариант для ММ) и письменно переведите их.

ВариантдляМБиМФ
SOME SECTIONS OF A BUSINESS PLAN
1. Competition
This section will describe who are the main competitors to your com­pany and how they might affect the business over the period of the Business Plan. It might be, for example, that one of the main competi­tors of the company has announced that they will be launching a new product. This will need to be taken into account in the Business Plan. It is necessary to assess very clearly what advantages the company might have over the competition — and what advantages the competi­tors have. The company might have better quality staff and more mod­ern machinery; the competitors might have a better location or better advertising.
2. Marketing
Regardless of what has been listed under the company's objectives, it is necessary to show those who will read the Business Plan that the company has developed a marketing strategy which has identified what market or markets the company sees itself as being in, and how it will develop them.
3. Manufacturing
The heart of most businesses is the manufacture of their products. Such companies will need to state what their plans are for manufacturing — how the capacity will be increased, how machinery will be kept up-to-date, how new technology will be introduced, etc.
4. Research and development (R & D)
Most companies need to develop their products and their services over time if they wish to keep up with the markets and, if possible, move ahead of their competitors. Whether the company supplies goods or ser­vices it will need to research new ideas and then to develop those ideas to the point at which they can be marketed. R&D is expensive, but is absolutely vital. Consumers require the very best in design, conven­ience and appearance and any company that does not carry out R&D will very soon find itself out of business.