Грамотный перевод текста основан на хороших знаниях грамматики английского языка
Контрольные по английскому
Контрольные по английскому языку выполняют студенты Москвы и Санкт-Петербурга, Астрахани и Казани, Нижнего Новгорода и Самары.
I. Перепишите следующие предложения, вставьте слова «who, whom, which, that, where, when» там, где это необходимо. Укажите тип придаточного предложения. Переведите данные предложения на русский язык.
1. The man _is having fish and chips is my cousin.
2. The guide, _ knew a lot, was telling the tourists about the architecture of St. Petersburg.
3. Can you tell me _ I can find him?
4. I can't remember _ of the two suitcases is Ann's.
5. The hotel _ I stayed at last time is now closed.
6. He says _ he will take a taxi to get to the station.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения, поставьте и подчеркните недостающую часть расчлененного вопроса.
1. She takes sugar with her tea, _?
2. You are fond of photography, _?
3. There are beautiful art collections in the Hermitage, _?
4. I am too critical about our trip, _?
5. He doesn't like coffee, _?
6. They have just ordered pizza, _?
III. Пользуясь таблицей согласования времен, письменно переведите следующие предложения из прямой речи в косвенную.
1. Jack asked me, «When are you flying to London?»
2. She said to me, «There is a nice coffee shop not far from here.»
3. Ann often says, «А friend in need is a friend indeed.»
4. Nick asked me, «Did you have a good time skiing?»
5. Dad asked me, «Is it snowing hard now?»
IV. Перепишите следующие предложения, поставьте глагол в the Present Indefinite Tense или в the Past Indefinite Tense. Переведите эти предложения письменно.
1. My friend (like) apples very much but I (prefer) pears.
2. Lucas (go) to Paris very often last year.
3. Everybody (know) about the Loch Ness monster that several people (see) and some (try) to photograph.
4. The word «America» (come) from the name of Amerigo Vespucci who (write) a book about discovering a new land.
5. I always (have) lunch in a cafeteria nearby.
V. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст
Our eating habits affect our health. What happens if I have no breakfast, or poor breakfast? I shall be tired or cross, and, of course, hungry till having lunch.
There is a ring of truth in a well-known saying: «A man is what he eats.» Food is a form of fuel. Different foods do different things for the body. Some foods are better than others in helping to keep bones, teeth, skin, and blood healthy, Among these foods are fruit, vegetables, milk, and cheese. People say that fish is good for brain, and carrots are good for eyes. Another saying is: «An apple a day keeps the doctor away», - meaning that you will be healthy if you eat an apple every day.
There are so many kinds of food - fast food, snacks, junk food - that it may be difficult to follow a healthy diet. In the past, sailors who went on long sea voyages did not get fresh food and often suffered from a disease called scurvy. Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C, which we can find in fruit and vegetables.
In this country, bread is an important part of our everyday food. When we sit down for a meal, there is always bread on the table. For breakfast we have bread with a meat or vegetable dish. Again at dinner we eat bread with whatever food there is on the table. When there is rice or potatoes, we have bread, too. The Russian cuisine is not only famous for bread, but for stuffed cabbage leaves (golubtsi), soups like borsch, and lovely salads.
Nowadays there exists a popular trend to eat low-fat and low-cholesterol foods. So fruit juices, cereal mixes and vegetables are becoming more and more popular.
VI. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту.
1. What is the best food for brain?
2. Why did the sailors on long voyages get scurvy in the past?
3. What are the new trends in people's diets?
VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.
New Developments in Science Fiction
Cyberpunk, despite its apparent «indefinableness», soon became a favourite genre for a postmodern generation who could not get rid of the humanist notion of «Man» as the center of creation—whence the allure of the smart hacker protagonist who manages to defeat the system—even as they realized that man and the social systems created by and for him are destroying the planet and, consequently, all possibilities for the survival of the human race. Other readers will perceive in cyberpunk a deconstructive attack that its creators tried to carry out against the traditional values of the old master narratives. In this way, feminism, the instability, or class and race issues become aspects frequently analyzed by critics of cyberpunk. However, it is our belief that the genre also stands at the cross-roads where typical SF stories full of humanist modernism intersect with a more gloomy perception of the world and based on an awareness of the destructive power of the human being. The genre has become a bridge between old hu¬manist beliefs in a perfect creation and the new postmodern understanding of the world as a much more desolate place to live in.