Контрольная по английскому HOW FUNDS FLOW

 

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HOW FUNDS FLOW THROUGH A BUSINESS

 

Английский. Контрольные.

Контрольные направлены на повторение и закрепление пройденных тем.


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, обращая внимание на перевод инфинитивных оборотов:

1. I should like to be invited to discuss this matter with our future partner.
2. The goods are reported to have been awaiting shipment for several days.
3. I expect this company to sign a contract.

II. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод зависимого и независимого (самостоятельного) причастных оборотов. Подчеркните причастные обороты.

1. The final round of the negotiations being over, an agreement was signed.
2. London is not only the centre of commerce and finance but also a great port with many of the imported and exported goods passing through it.
3. Having applied to a venture capital firm for funds they started a high tech business.
4. I watched them discussing the possibilities of future cooperation with foreign partners.

III. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение в определительных и дополнительных придаточных предложениях.

1. We know the commercial bank offers its customers accounts of two types: demand deposits and time deposits.
2. Services financial institutions offer are not free.
3. The main task financial manager begins with is the creation of a financial plan.

IV. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на различные значения глаголов should и would.

1. You should know all about financial management to be a good businessman.
2. It would be impossible to set up a business without start - up funding.
3. If we found additional sources of money we would expand our business.

V. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст на русский язык.

HOW FUNDS FLOW THROUGH A BUSINESS

Basically, money or funds go into purchasing assets, paying operating expenses and producing income. The operating expenses include the cost of materials and supplies. The manufacturer also must pay employee wages, rent or mortgage, insurance premiums and utility bills.
Some very small firms operate on a cash basis. They neither obtain credit nor borrow money. Other firms extend their resources through the se of credit. The owner of the firm invests some of his own money and has a lot more of other people's.
The businesses use money to buy assets like land, buildings and furnishings, and tools, machines, and equipment. The manufacturer sometimes buys them with mortgage loans which he secures by the building or the equipment itself. In other words, the bank or insurance company really owns the property until the manufacturer has paid the mortgage in full. The use of debt, or credit, increases both the assets and the income of the purchaser. The use of borrowed money to make more money is called leverage.
If the manufacturer is sure that cash will be available at any time, he will need no cash reserve. But this rarely happens. Instead he always needs a reserve supply of cash on hand. And this poses a problem for management. Idle cash earns no profit and declines in value because of inflation. Cash is used to produce income. If a manager has some idle cash, he will put it into financial institutions to draw interest. Sometimes a company with excess funds will buy securities from one of the exchanges and let them earn income until the company needs funds. Then it will sell the securities to get the funds. These securities are called near money.

VI. Письменно ответьте на следующий вопрос:
What do the businesses use their money for?